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Working towards sustainable development: Opportunities for decent work and social inclusion in a green economy

Written by admin on . Posted in General Information, Green Economy, News, Publications

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This joint ILO/UNEP study shows that, if accompanied by the right policy mix, a green economy can also create more and better jobs, lift people out of poverty and promote social inclusion. It also demonstrates that employment and social inclusion must be an integral part of any sustainable development strategy.

You can download the free e-book HERE.

A green economy is necessary if sustainable development is to be realized. However, as this report emphasizes, a green economy can also, if accompanied by the right policy mix, create more and better jobs, lift people out of poverty and promote social inclusion. In fact, the growth model of the past few decades has been inefficient, not only economically, but also from environmental, employment and social perspectives. It overuses natural resources, is environmentally unsustainable and has failed to meet the aspirations of a large proportion of society seeking productive, decent work and dignified lives. A new development model – one which puts people, fairness and the planet at the core of policy-making – is urgently needed, and is eminently achievable. More fundamentally, this report demonstrates that employment and social inclusion must be integral parts of any sustainable development strategy and must be included in policies that address climate change and ensure the preservation of the environment. In particular, the report assesses the sectoral, employment and income implications of the transition to a green economy. It highlights the necessary conditions, policy prescriptions and good practices required to ensure that the green economy is characterized by gains in job quality, reductions in poverty and improvements in social inclusion.

Photo credits: Nektarina Non Profit

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Weekly news #1 / Green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication

Written by admin on . Posted in Green Economy, News, Publications, Weekly news

Posted by Yula Pannadopoulos

This January we are talking about green economy in the context of sustainable development (and poverty eradiction), and today I would like to share some resources that you might finds useful.

In the past two weeks we shared two interesting posts:

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development has a thorough and comprehensive set of resources on Social dimensions of green economy and sustainable development.   UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) has a user friendly green economy page, and I found particularly useful their webinar series which you can view online. UNEP’s TUNZA page shares information on what children and youth around the world are doing for the environment and sustainability. UNEP page on sustainable consumption provides information and content on different ways of consumption and how they can be brought to a more sustainable, environmentaly and socialy more responsible level. Although Rio+20 conference on sustainable development is over, their page remains a great source of content on green economy and sustainable development. In the weeks to come I’ll be sharing more links and information on resources and content on different aspects of sustainable development – economic, social, educational, environmental. We will try to share knowledge, practices and experiences from different sources, but also from our own project, as we are moving forward.  
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Think, Eat, Save: UNEP, FAO and Partners Launch Global Campaign to Change Culture of Food Waste

Written by admin on . Posted in General Information, Green Economy, News, Publications, Take Action

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In developed regions around 300 million tonnes of food is wasted annually because producers, retailers and consumers discard food that is still fit for consumption     Geneva, 22 January 2013 – Simple actions by consumers and food retailers can dramatically cut the 1.3 billion tonnes of food lost or wasted each year and help shape a sustainable future, according to a new global campaign to cut food waste launched today by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and partners.

The Think.Eat.Save. Reduce Your Foodprint campaign is in support of the SAVE FOOD Initiative to reduce food loss and waste along the entire chain of food production and consumption – run by the FAO and trade fair organizer Messe Düsseldorf – and the UN Secretary General’s Zero Hunger Challenge. The new campaign specifically targets food wasted by consumers, retailers and the hospitality industry.

The campaign harnesses the expertise of organizations such as WRAP (Waste and Resources Action Programme), Feeding the 5,000 and other partners, including national governments, who have considerable experience targeting and changing wasteful practices. Think.Eat.Save. aims to accelerate action and provide a global vision and information-sharing portal (www.thinkeatsave.org) for the many and diverse initiatives currently underway around the world. Worldwide, about one-third of all food produced, worth around US$1 trillion, gets lost or wasted in food production and consumption systems, according to data released by FAO. Food loss occurs mostly at the production stages – harvesting, processing and distribution – while food waste typically takes place at the retailer and consumer end of the food-supply chain. “In a world of seven billion people, set to grow to nine billion by 2050, wasting food makes no sense – economically, environmentally and ethically,” said UN Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner. “Aside from the cost implications, all the land, water, fertilizers and labour needed to grow that food is wasted – not to mention the generation of greenhouse gas emissions produced by food decomposing on landfill and the transport of food that is ultimately thrown away,” he added. “To bring about the vision of a truly sustainable world, we need a transformation in the way we produce and consume our natural resources.” “Together, we can reverse this unacceptable trend and improve lives. In industrialized regions, almost half of the total food squandered, around 300 million tonnes annually, occurs because producers, retailers and consumers discard food that is still fit for consumption,” said José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General. “This is more than the total net food production of Sub-Saharan Africa, and would be sufficient to feed the estimated 870 million people hungry in the world.” “If we can help food producers to reduce losses through better harvesting, processing, storage, transport and marketing methods, and combine this with profound and lasting changes in the way people consume food, then we can have a healthier and hunger-free world,” Graziano da Silva added. The global food system has profound implications for the environment, and producing more food than is consumed only exacerbates the pressures, some of which follow:  
    • More than 20 per cent of all cultivated land, 30 per cent of forests and 10 per cent of grasslands are undergoing degradation;
 
    • Globally 9 per cent of the freshwater resources are withdrawn, 70 per cent of this by irrigated agriculture;
 
    • Agriculture and land use changes like deforestation contribute to more than 30 per cent of total global greenhouse gas emissions;
 
    • Globally, the agri-food system accounts for nearly 30 per cent of end-user available energy;
 
  • Overfishing and poor management contribute to declining numbers of fish, some 30 per cent of marine fish stocks are now considered overexploited.
Part of the trigger for the campaign was the outcome of the Rio+20 Summit in June 2012, in which Heads of State and governments gave the go-ahead for a 10-Year Framework of Programmes for Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Patterns. Developing an SCP programme for the food sector must be a vital element of this framework, given the need to sustain the world’s food production base, reduce associated environmental impacts, and feed a growing human population.   “There can be no other area that is perhaps so emblematic of the opportunities for a far more resource-efficient and sustainable world – and there is no other issue that can unite North and South and consumers and producers everywhere in common cause,” said Mr. Steiner. According to FAO (http://www.fao.org/save-food/en/), roughly 95 per cent of food loss and waste in developing countries are unintentional losses at early stages of the food supply chain due to financial, managerial and technical limitations in harvesting techniques; storage and cooling facilities in difficult climatic conditions; infrastructure; packaging and marketing systems. However, in the developed world the end of the chain is far more significant. At the food manufacturing and retail level in the developed world, large quantities of food are wasted due to inefficient practices, quality standards that over-emphasize appearance, confusion over date labels and consumers being quick to throw away edible food due to over-buying, inappropriate storage and preparing meals that are too large. Per-capita waste by consumers is between 95 and 115 kg a year in Europe and North America/Oceania, while consumers in sub-Saharan Africa, south and south-eastern Asia each throw away only 6 to 11 kg a year. According to WRAP, the average UK family could save £680 per year (US$1,090) and the UK hospitality sector could save £724 million (US$1.2 billion) per year by tackling food waste. “In the UK we have shown how tackling food waste through engaging with consumers and establishing collective agreement with retailers and brands, reduces environmental pressures and aids economic growth,” said Dr. Liz Goodwin, CEO of WRAP. “With a rising population, even more pressure is going to be put on resources, and we are excited to be a partner in UNEP and FAO’s Think. Eat. Save. campaign, which is a great start to tackling food waste on a global scale.” In a similar vein to other parts of the world, the European Union is looking into the issue of food waste, and the European Commission has lent its weight to the new initiative. “In the EU we have set ourselves a target to halve edible food waste by 2020 and to virtually eliminate landfilling by 2020; the Commission is planning to present ideas next year on the sustainability of the food system which will have a strong focus on food waste,” said Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment. “Less food waste would lead to more-efficient land use, better water resource management, more sustainable use of phosphorus, and it would have positive repercussions on climate change. Our work fits perfectly with the launch of this initiative,” he added. For the campaign to reach its huge potential, everyone has to be involved – families, supermarkets, hotel chains, schools, sports and social clubs, company CEOs, city Mayors, national and world leaders. The campaign website, www.thinkeatsave.org, provides simple tips to consumers and retailers, will allow users to make food waste pledges, and provides a platform for those running campaigns to exchange ideas and create a truly global culture of sustainable consumption of food. For example, the website provides the following advice, which will help consumers, retailers and the hospitality industry reduce waste – thus reducing their environmental impact and saving money. Consumers  
  • Shop Smart: Plan meals, use shopping lists, avoid impulse buys and don’t succumb to marketing tricks that lead you to buy more food than you need.
  • Buy Funny Fruit: Many fruits and vegetables are thrown out because their size, shape, or colour are deemed not “right”. Buying these perfectly good fruit, at the farmer’s market or elsewhere, utilizes food that might otherwise go to waste.
  • Understand Expiry Dates: “Best-before” dates are generally manufacturer suggestions for peak quality. Most foods can be safely consumed well after these dates. The important date is “use by” – eat food by that date or check if you can freeze it.
  • Zero Down Your Fridge: Websites such as WRAP’s www.lovefoodhatewaste.com can help consumers get creative with recipes to use up anything that might go bad soon.
  • Other actions include: freezing food; following storage guidance to keep food at its best, requesting smaller portions at restaurants; eating leftovers – whether home-cooked, from restaurants or takeaway; composting food; and donating spare food to local food banks, soup kitchens, pantries, and shelters.
Retailers and the Hospitality Industry  
  • Retailers can carry out waste audits and product loss analysis for high-waste areas, work with their suppliers to reduce waste, offer discounts for near-expiration items, redesign product displays with less excess, standardize labelling and increase food donations, among other actions.
  • Restaurants, pubs and hotels can limit menu choices and introduce flexible portioning, carry out waste audits and create staff engagement programmes, among many other measures.
  • Supermarkets, hotels, restaurants, companies, cities and countries will be able to use the website to pledge to measure the food they waste and put in place targets to reduce it.
Messages of Support Guillaume GAROT, French Minister for Agri-Food “We in France have set the objective of halving food waste by 2025. Currently we are mobilizing the whole of the food chain, from producers and industry, through distribution, and up to consumers for this essential action. This is why I welcome this UNEP and FAO initiative, which will create an international mobilization that will prove more effective by virtue of everybody working together. The fight against food waste on a global scale is a key priority of civilization and an imperative path we must take if we want to take up the food challenge.” Wales’s Environment and Sustainable Development Minister, John Griffiths “It is great news that WRAP is working with the UN Environment Programme to develop a plan to reduce global food waste. Each year around 400,000 tonnes of food and drink are wasted by household in Wales alone. On a global scale, the staggering amount of food we waste is wholly unacceptable and a huge drain on our precious resources. That is why tackling the problem of food waste is a top priority for the Welsh Government and every local council in Wales runs a weekly food waste collection service that covers nine out of ten households.” Scotland’s Environment Secretary, Richard Lochhead “The vast amount of good food which is wasted globally shames us all. It’s also a shocking waste of all the energy and water used in food production, which leads to higher prices and hurts national economies. As Scotland’s Food Minister, I am passionate about both maximising the amount of high quality food we produce and reducing the amount of food we waste. With people going hungry around the world we each have a personal responsibility not to waste this valuable resource. Scotland was among the first countries to take concerted action on food waste through our support for WRAP’s Love Food Hate Waste scheme and its work with retailers.  More recently the Scottish Government has promoted a major national food waste campaign. A collective approach is what’s needed, so it’s great to see the United Nations and its agencies becoming major allies in the battle to end food waste.” Mr.  Helenio Waddington, Roteiros de Charme Hotel Association, President “We are excited to be working with the Think.Eat.Save campaign to preserve and protect our environment and create a more environmentally friendly hotel for our guests. Our effort will also contribute to raising awareness among the Brazilian tourist community.” Luke Upchurch, Head of Communications and External Affairs, Consumers International “This is a great initiative to get consumers and businesses to think more about the food we throw away. Nobody likes to waste food, so we need to do all we can to make it easier to buy, consume, and throw away only what we absolutely need to.” Andrew Kuyk, Director of Sustainability, UK Food and Drink Federation “Tackling food waste is a key priority, both to make what we have go further, especially in the developing world, and to help conserve the vital natural resources on which future production depends. Wasting food also wastes money as well as everything else used to make it. We know from our own work with WRAP in the UK food industry that they will be able to add real value to UNEP’s initiative to devise a global reduction programme, building on lessons learned from actions already taken. The Food and Drink Federation, as the voice of the UK’s largest manufacturing sector, is pleased to offer its support to this new and exciting partnership.” Paul Crewe, Sainsbury’s Head of Sustainability “We’re adding our support to this UNEP campaign because wasting less food is a thoroughly good thing. At Sainsbury’s, we take the issue of food waste very seriously and work to minimize it as much as possible. None of our food waste goes to landfill and we were one of the first major UK retailers to achieve this in 2011. We donate any surplus food to charities and use any waste food for animal feed or anaerobic digestion to generate renewable energy. We also actively help our customers to make their food go further and waste less by providing meal planners and tips on how to store and re-use leftovers, and through our current ‘Make Your Roast Go Further’ campaign that helps them to create two additional family meals from every Sunday roasting joint. We’ve also encouraged customers to embrace ‘ugly’ British fruit and vegetables and to freeze food up to a product’s use by date, which could prevent up to 400,000 tonnes of food being wasted each year.” FoodDrinkEurope ”FoodDrinkEurope’s Environmental Sustainability Vision Towards 2030 identifies that working on the reduction of food wastage is a key priority for Europe’s food and drink industry. Resources and the environmental impacts linked to the production of food, such as raw materials, water and fuels, are also wasted when food is wasted. Preventing waste is key to improving the sustainability of consumption habits and the production of food and drink products. We are committed to working with policymakers, food chain partners and other stakeholders such as the UNEP and the FAO to move towards an integrated approach to raise awareness and optimize the use of raw materials by maximizing the use of by- products for food production. While natural resources get increasingly scarce worldwide, achieving industry’s overall aim of avoiding food waste along the food chain is essential for the future sustainability.” Compass Group “We support the aims of the UN Environment Programme’s new global campaign and last year, Compass Group UK & Ireland signed up to WRAP’s Hospitality and Foodservice Agreement to achieve certain food and associated waste reduction targets in the UK. In addition, we continue to work with our suppliers, clients and customers around the world to reduce waste through implementing initiatives such as ‘Trim Trax’, our programme to measure and reduce food wastage.” NOTES TO EDITORS Food Loss refers to food that gets spilled, spoilt or otherwise lost, or incurs reduction of quality and value, before it reaches its final product stage. Food loss typically takes place at production, postharvest, processing and distribution stages in the food supply chain. Food Waste refers to food that completes the food supply chain up to a final product, of good quality and fit for consumption, but still doesn’t get consumed because it is discarded, whether or not after it is left to spoil. Food waste typically, but not exclusively, takes place at retail and consumption stages in the food supply chain. Think.Eat.Save. Reduce Your Foodprint Visit www.thinkeatsave.org for more information on the campaign. SAVE FOOD Initiative SAVE FOOD the Global Initiative on Food Losses and Food Waste Reduction is a partnership between companies and organizations worldwide to reduce the estimated 1.3 billion tonnes of food that is lost or wasted every year. For more information and facts and figures on food waste and food loss, visit: http://www.fao.org/save-food/en/ WRAP Wrap is a non-profit organization funded by all four UK governments and the EU, and aims to help people recycle more and waste less. For more information, visit: http://www.wrap.org.uk/ Feeding the 5,000 Feeding the 5,000 organizes events where meals made from food that would otherwise have been thrown out are distributed free. For more information, visit: http://www.feeding5k.org/ Video Interview with Robert van Otterdijk, SAVE FOOD: http://www.fao.org/news/audio-video/detail-video/en/?uid=9575 Food loss reduction in The Gambia: http://www.fao.org/news/audio-video/detail-video/en/?uid=7529 Photo Gallery ‘One Third’ by Klaus Pilcher: One Third uses images to describes the connection between individual wastage of food and globalized food production: http://www.kpic.at/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=45&Itemid=88 Related Reports, Facts and Figures UNEP discussion paper on the role of global food consumption patterns in sustainable food systems: http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/news_events/upcoming/RioCSF/partner_deliverables/Role_of_Global_Food_Consumption_Patterns.pdf The work of UNEP’s Resource Efficiency Programme on Agri-Food: http://www.unep.org/resourceefficiency/Home/Business/SectoralActivities/AgricultureFood/tabid/78943/Default.aspx  
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Teaching and Learning about Green Economy and Sustainable Development

Written by admin on . Posted in General Information, Green Economy, News, Take Action

(shared post) This resource list is designed to help provide background for youth projects focused on or related to green economy and sustainable development.   The United Nations Environment Programme maintains their UNEP Green Economy Website that has information, reports, videos, and publications related to the green economy. The Green Economy Frequently Asked Questions may provide a great place to start learning more. The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has produced a teacher professional development multimedia resource kit on teaching and learning for a sustainable future that includes background information on creating a more economically equitable, environmentally sustainable, and socially inclusive future.  In particular, two modules are relevant to the MyCOE program: The Earth Summit Stakeholders Group provides a baseline resource about what is the Green Economy and what it means, particularly in light of the upcoming 2012 celebration of the Earth Summit anniversary, known as Rio+20.  See also the official UN site for this important event focused on the Green Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication. The MyCOE Student Project Guide from 2002 includes background chapters on Rural Development and on Poverty Reduction from researchers at the United Nations Environment Programme.

Classroom Modules and Case Studies about Green Economy and Sustainable Development

Green Economy Success Stories from around the world explain encouraging results. Compiled by UNEP. Watch a video about Greensburg, Kansas, a small town that recovered from a devastating tornado to rebuild in a green way. Read about communities that are acheiving just and sustainable solutions by linking environmental justice and the green economy. Go on one of the MyCOE Digital Learning Adventures to explore Energy in Ghana. View a compelling Geostory about Economic Innovation. The AAG Center for Global Geography Education online modules on Population and the Global Economy provide additional models for student exchange, study and discussions.  Link to these models to find related case studies.

Online Tools and Ideas for Student Projects

The World Bank’s International Human Development Indicators mapping toolkit visualizes country level data for the world on economic participation, development, and poverty. Worldmapper is an online visualization tool displaying a collection of nearly 700 world maps, where territories are re-sized on each map according to the subject of interest. These maps invite interesting discussions when data is viewed by values as well as spatial arrangment. The Population Reference Bureau publishes data in an interactive finder tool for International Statistics on the Economy. Nationmaster presents Economic Statistics by Country, compiled from many sources and ranked or rated for variables that can also be graphed or mapped. (Note: further background information about what statistics matter to global debates can be explored in the Fast Facts Bulletins on the Millennium Development Goals.)   Find additional online materials linked from MyCOE’s contextual summary on Sustainable Development.  

Ideas for Youth Exchange Projects on Green Economy

Begin exploring how to develop a geographic project with the MyCOE Project Toolkit. Consider these ideas:
  • Green Economy Scavenger Hunt: brainstorm a list of what types of economic activities contribute to a greener economy, such as alternative energy sources, recycling, public transit, etc.  Then identify these in your local community, state, province, or country. Map them, collect photos, describe them.  Share what you find with another classroom in a different place. New! Use this Green Economy Scavenger Hunt Guide to help you get started. It includes a hand out to give your students that will help them complete a MyCOE project about the Green Economy.
  • Product Lifecycle Pathway: pick one to three items that is commonly used by your family or school and find out how it got to you.  What natural resources were needed to make this item and what places did they come from?  Map out the pathway that these parts took to bring the item to you and find out more about the people and places that produced them.  Are these processes sustainable?
  • Global Wealth Map: have your students reflect on global economic distribution and poverty statistics using this hands-on activity arranging chips on a map of the world, from PlanUSA.
Be inspired by more ideas in the MyCOE Project Gallery. Discover what you need to submit your own MyCOE Project to our geoportal.
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Moving Forward

Written by admin on . Posted in General Information, Green Economy, News

Posted by Yula  Pannadopoulos   So here we are, it’s 2013 already. New Year’s relosutions are all listed and we are back to our usual diets after all that festive food we’ve had in the past two weeks. We aren’t officially back to work for another ten days, but I thought it might be a good idea to share some thoughts and ideas before everyone is back. Last year was a year of challenges for us, as we struggled with internal changes and funding, but it was also a year of great opportunities as we launched this website, continuously worked on our Wiki content, invested a lot of time in networking, knowledge sharing and connecting with different entities and interested parties, and focused on dialogue with potential project partners. With three more years ahead (current plans are to carry on with the project until the end of 2015), we continue to move forward. During the first quarter of 2013 we are planning to focus on fundraising, establishing the partners’ network and helping them with resources, expanding our team of volunteers and developing a three-year strategy. We will continue to share as much information about our projects, our partners, our plans and actions. We will also continue to share any other relevant information about ideas, developments, events and progress on education and sustainability worldwide. Check our website and social networks’ pages regularly for more updates! === Image source    
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Corporate Social Responsibility / European Union

Written by admin on . Posted in General Information, Green Economy

In October 2011 the European Commission published a new policy on corporate responsibility. It states that to fully meet their social responsibility, enterprises “should have in place a process to integrate social, environmental, ethical and human rights concerns into their business operations and core strategy in close collaboration with their stakeholders”. The aim is both to enhance positive impacts – for example through the innovation of new products and services that are beneficial to society and enterprises themselves – and to minimize and prevent negative impacts.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the predominant form of enterprise in the European Union. If Europe and its enterprises are to reap the full benefits of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), it is vital to make sure that SMEs are fully engaged and that what they do is fully recognised. This is a particular challenge because CSR as a term and as a definable business concept has been created mainly by and for larger companies.
Small businesses are typically not less responsible than large enterprises. They may not know and use the term “CSR”, but their close relations with employees, the local community and business partners often mean they have a naturally responsible approach to business. The Commission believes that for most SMEs, the process by which they meet their social responsibility will remain informal and intuitive. In some EU Member states the concept is well established and there is a high level of enterprise awareness supported by effective public policies to promote CSR. In other European countries, the awareness and development of corporate social responsibility is much less advanced. The key issues of corporate social responsibility vary from company to company. For example, enterprises in the retail sector might have to deal with the risk of poor labour standards in their supply chain, while a mining company is more concerned by the need to avoid infringing the human rights of people living near its operations. The European Alliance on CSR is a business-lead initiative to promote CSR, launched in 2006 with strong backing from the European Commission. It is a vehicle for mobilising the resources and capacities of European enterprises and their stakeholders in the interests of sustainable development, economic growth and job creation.   Post compiled by European Commission.  For more detailed information and reading resources, please visit the European Commission Corporate Social Responsibility platform.
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Rio+20 Critical Issue / Green Jobs and Social Inclusion

Written by admin on . Posted in General Information, Green Economy

At the Rio+20 Conference, world leaders, along with thousands of participants from governments, the private sector, NGOs and other groups, will come together to shape how we can reduce poverty, advance social equity and ensure environmental protection on an ever more crowded planet to get to the future we want. The Conference will focus on two themes: (a) a green economy in the context of sustainable development poverty eradication; and (b) the institutional framework for sustainable development. The preparations for Rio+20 have highlighted seven areas which need priority attention; these include decent jobs, energy, sustainable cities, food security and sustainable agriculture, water, oceans and disaster readiness. The world faces several sustainable development challenges which require coordinated action, as evidenced by the recurring food, fuel, climate and financial crises. These multiple crises need to be addressed at the same time. The concept of green job1 is an attempt to look for synergies in simultaneously addressing employment, energy and environment issues. Energy use and environmental stresses have reached a scale at which planetary boundaries are being reached, increasing the probability of catastrophic environmental change. Despite many efforts, the declared goal of establishing a renewables-based low‐carbon energy system on a global scale remains elusive. Modern renewables jointly account for only about 1 per cent of primary energy, and CO2 emissions growth has been accelerating. Rio+20 Issues Brief on green jobs and social inclusion gives a coherent overview of green jobs, estimates of green jobs creation and existing international commitments. You can read and download the seven page brief here. Rio+20 team has developed an interactive map on green policies, practices and initiatives, showing the geographical scope and priority areas. You can explore the map at this link http://www.uncsd2012.org/rio20/gedatabase.html and learn more about policies, practices and initiatives in your country / region. Further reading, facts, figures, videos and overviews can be found at the following links: http://www.un.org/en/sustainablefuture/jobs.shtml http://www.is.edu.my/environment/greeneconomy.html Global Reporting Initiative Green Economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication  link shares numerous reports and publications on green economy, green jobs and green societies.   Basics on the Rio+20 conference: What is Rio+20? Rio+20 – the short name for the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development to take place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 2012 – is an historic opportunity to define pathways to a safer, more equitable, cleaner, greener and more prosperous world for all. Twenty years after the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio, where countries adopted Agenda 21 – a blueprint to rethink economic growth, advance social equity and ensure environmental protection – the UN is again bringing together governments, international institutions and major groups to agree on a range of smart measures that can reduce poverty while promoting decent jobs, clean energy and a more sustainable and fair use of resources. Rio+20 is a chance to move away from business-as-usual and to act to end poverty, address environmental destruction and build a bridge to the future. What issues will be discussed? The official discussions will focus on two main themes: How to build a green economy to achieve sustainable development and lift people out of poverty, including support for developing countries that will allow them to find a green path for development; and how to improve international coordination for sustainable development. What will happen at Rio+20? Thousands of participants from governments, the private sector, NGOs and other stakeholders will gather in Rio at the end of May and beginning of June 2012 for a strong push towards sustainable development. The last session of the Preparatory Committee for the Conference and the actual conference will take place there in June 2012. In parallel with and between the official events, there will be numerous side events, exhibitions, presentations, fairs and announcements by a wide range of partners. Governments are expected to adopt clear and focused practical measures for implementing sustainable development, based on the many examples of success we have seen over the last 20 years.   For more information on the Rio+20 conference, please visit the conference web page http://www.uncsd2012.org/rio20/index.html Posted by Nektarina Non Profit and Rio+20.